I don’t deny that we are connected to the universe the way you claim. We are, of course, deeply and profoundly connected to the stars. However, some problems are best considered through their more immediate proximate causes and others from a more ultimate perspective. We don’t claim that when a pond freezes the cause is in the stars but in the surrounding air temperature and eventual consequences for the water temperature. While it is absolutely true that there could be no morality here or anywhere were it not for our origin in “the stars” that is also true for everything else going on here on earth, most of which is utterly unconcerned with and unconnected to a moral sentiment. Morality emerges only when you place several more steps between us and our origins in the stars than you would bacteria or plant life, to name just a couple of examples. So you’re misreading my argument if you think I am denying or minimizing our ultimate origins somehow. Those origins are necessary if morality is ultimately going to emerge somewhere but in addition much needs to evolve on the particular planet where something akin to a moral code develops. You seem to be arguing for a difference of opinion between us where frankly I don’t think one exists.

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US citizen residing in British Columbia, Canada. Degrees include anthropology and environmental studies. Activism, politics, science, nature.

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