I don’t disagree. Indeed, I think every living thing is necessarily focused on survival “first and foremost.” However, I don’t see any conflict between a tendency toward cooperation, such as we find in social animals, and, for lack of a better term, the moral instinct that emerges from it. Cooperation is a survival strategy. It is simply a more highly developed and complex one than the relatively straight forward fight or flight response and sex drive, etc. It is our capacity to cooperate that has enabled us to not merely survive, but thrive.

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US citizen residing in British Columbia, Canada. Degrees include anthropology and environmental studies. Activism, politics, science, nature.

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